|Criteria and Scope of the Programme|
We encourage entrepreneurs with innovative ideas to participate in this FREE TO ENTER programme.
There are three challenge areas in the programme, more information about each is below.
At least 10 companies will be selected to attend an intensive one-day workshop, which will be held in April 2017 at a venue to be confirmed in Cambridge, UK, providing:
Other support activities will include:
Competition winners will benefit from:
There were an estimated 47 deaths attributable to particulate air pollution in Cambridge in 2010. Air Quality is also known to impact respiratory and cardiovascular hospital admissions and the incidence of respiratory disease.
Air Quality is greatly impacted by traffic, and recent traffic counts recorded a 5% increase in motor vehicles entering Cambridge city along the main arterial routes in 2014; there was a further 3% increase recorded in 2015. Congestion continues to worsen. The average journey time in the peak hour was 4.87 minutes per mile in 2015/6, which is slower than the previous year (4.45 minutes per mile) against a revised target of 4 minutes per mile. Over the next 15 years, an additional 33,000 houses are planned to be built in Cambridge and the surrounding area, which will have a significant additional impact on the transport network.
Small particulates from traffic and other sources can infiltrate buildings, contributing to poorer indoor air quality. Although concentrations of pollutants are lower in level than in ambient (outdoor) air pollution, people spend most of their time indoors and therefore receive most of their exposure indoors.
Despite a number of successful policy initiatives to tackle poor air quality, growth of the City and failure of Euro Emission standards to deliver as expected have resulted in smaller improvements in pollutant levels than predicted. Modelling carried out by Cambridge City Council for the Quality Bus Partnership (2012 – 2015) indicated that a 50% reduction in NOx emissions would be required to bring nitrogen dioxide levels below the National Air Quality Objectives in Cambridge.
Policies have focussed on reducing emissions from the principal source of air pollutants (traffic) by requiring improvements in the bus and taxi fleets, through accelerated fleet renewal, age limits and minimum Euro engine standards. Some air quality improvement has been observed, but levels of air pollution in the city centre remain above the National Air Quality Objectives.
In 2013, to try to understand this underperformance of policy, the City Council made use of a grant from Defra to study actual vehicle exhaust emissions in Cambridge using remote sensing technology. The Cambridge Real Emissions study confirmed that diesel buses are the single largest source of polluting emissions in the city centre, but also that there was a very variable relationship between a vehicle’s Euro engine standard and real-world emissions.
This is likely only to get worse as the City Deal looks to shift travelling behaviours with an aim to get more travellers using buses. This, and the expected increase in population, could see a significant increase in the numbers of buses using the centre of Cambridge.
Currently the evidence for interventions within the city are based on Cambridge City Council’s five monitoring stations with “continuous monitoring” (CM) analysers that produce hourly average pollution levels. There are also 60 passive diffusion tubes throughout the city recording levels of nitrogen dioxide that produce wide coverage of measurements across the city in different types of settings. Cambridge also has resident Air Quality expertise, with Cambridge Environmental Research Council (CERC) havng developed the ADMS-Urban model for modelling air quality in large urban areas which is being used globally.
Currently Cambridge has a significant problem with congestion as an average of 206,000 vehicles move in and out of the city daily. Potentially placing further pressure on the transport network, there are plans to build approximately 35,000 new houses in and around Cambridge by 2031. If the current transport network remains unchanged, such additional pressure could increase congestion at peak times by 30%, which would double the time that commuters spend in traffic. This issue has been recognised as a potential barrier to the continued economic success of Cambridge. Current plans to make improvements include the provision of bus lanes and segregated cycleways on main arterial routes, workplace parking levies, expansion of residents’ parking, controlled access points, better information to travellers through a journey planner app, the exploration of a new station at Addenbrookes, and large road schemes such as the A14 upgrade and the Cambridge-Oxford expressway.
The Transport plans for the area are based on the Cambridge and South Cambridge transport strategy. The strategy looks to:
Within Cambridge itself, plans aim to:
More information about transport within the city can be found at - http://bit.ly/2jytwOK
Recent local population forecasts highlight the very significant projected increases in the population size of people aged 65 years and over, and this is at a time when public sector organisations have had to make significant reductions in their budgets. This will lead to an increase in demand for health care and adult social care, and meeting this demand will require change from existing models of provision, especially considering the complexities provided by significant cost pressures on the health and social care services.
The 2013 Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) by the National Health Service (NHS), which gives more detail on the issues of ill health in older people, considered the following themes in its analysis of the secondary and tertiary prevention of ill health: